1955 - Warsaw Pact
Title: 1955 - Warsaw Pact
About: The Soviet Union and its European satellites - Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Romania, East Germany - signed a treaty establishing the Warsaw Pact, a mutual defense organization that put the Soviets in command of the armed forces of the member states.
The Warsaw Pact was the first step in a more systematic plan to strengthen the Soviet hold over its satellites, a program undertaken by the Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev after assuming power early in 1955. The treaty also served as a lever to enhance the bargaining position of the Soviet Union in international diplomacy.
Formally known as the Treaty of Friendship, Co-operation and Mutual Assistance, the Warsaw Pact was a response to the accession of a re-militarized West Germany to NATO (est. 1949).
NATO and the Warsaw Pact were ideologically opposed and, over time, built up their own defences, starting an arms race that lasted throughout the Cold War.
Country: Soviet Union + Poland + Hungary + Romania + Czechoslovakia + Bulgaria + Germany
Conflict: Cold War
Type: Historical Event
Artist: Jaroslaw Marcinek
Price: 0.2 ETH