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1955 - Warsaw Pact

History0x_1955_Warsaw Pact_min.JPG

Title: 1955 - Warsaw Pact

About: The Soviet Union and its European satellites - Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Romania, East Germany - signed a treaty establishing the Warsaw Pact, a mutual defense organization that put the Soviets in command of the armed forces of the member states.

The Warsaw Pact was the first step in a more systematic plan to strengthen the Soviet hold over its satellites, a program undertaken by the Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev after assuming power early in 1955. The treaty also served as a lever to enhance the bargaining position of the Soviet Union in international diplomacy.

Formally known as the Treaty of Friendship, Co-operation and Mutual Assistance, the Warsaw Pact was a response to the accession of a re-militarized West Germany to NATO (est. 1949).  

NATO and the Warsaw Pact were ideologically opposed and, over time, built up their own defences, starting an arms race that lasted throughout the Cold War.

Decade: 1950s

Year: 1955

Region: Europe

Country: Soviet Union + Poland + Hungary + Romania + Czechoslovakia + Bulgaria + Germany

Conflict: Cold War

Type: Historical Event

Impact: 2

Artist: Jaroslaw Marcinek


Group: Genesis

Number: 55/100

Price: 0.2 ETH


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