1910 - Mexican Revolution
Title: 1910 - Mexican Revolution
About: The Mexican Revolution was a long and bloody struggle between several factions vying for control of Mexico. Revolutionaries including Francisco Madero, Pascual Orozco, Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata, would eventually end a 30 year dictatorship and establish a constitutional republic.
The revolution was sparked against a background of widespread dissatisfaction with the elitist and oligarchical policies of Porfirio Díaz that favoured wealthy landowners and industrialists. Despite appearing to to welcome the democratization of Mexican political life, in the run-up to the elections of 1910, Díaz had his rival for the presidency - Francsico Madero - arrested and declared himself the winner after a mock election in June. However, when Madero was released from prison, he would not be quiet, and called for a revolt on November 20.
The revolt was a failure, but it kindled revolutionary hope in many quarters. Ragged rebel armies were formed, who raided and ambushed government forces, plunging the country into a decade of violence and chaos. In the spring of 1911 the revolutionary forces took Ciudad Juárez, forced Díaz to resign, and declared Madero president.
However, the path of the revolution certainly didn’t run smoothly and Madero was just the first of a string of unreliable presidents. He was a weak leader unable to implement the land reforms he had promised. Madero was quickly replaced by General Victoriano Huerta who had him executed within a week of coming to power. Huerta himself was a dictator and was overthrown by Venustianio Carranza in 1914.
While many accused Carranza of being power hungry he also dreamed of peace. In the pursuit of this end he formed the Constitutional Army and a new constitution into which he accepted many of the rebel demands.
The official end of the Mexican Revolution is often taken to be the creation of the Constitution of Mexico in 1917, however sporadic fighting continued long into the following decade. While the Mexican Revolution was fought to ensure a fairer way of life for the farming classes, in reality it achieved little more than the frequent change of leadership in the country.
Region: Latin America
Conflict: Civil War
Type: Historical Event
Artist: Bryan Willian
Price: 0.8 ETH